Eight out of ten cats, who are over three years old, have problems with their teeth and gums. It is therefore wise to brush your cat’s teeth regularly at a young age. Dental plaque (bacteria and food scraps) usually forms on the outside (not on the inside) of the cat’s teeth.
This plaque becomes tartar that irritates the gums and leads to gingivitis (inflamed gums) and the loss of teeth. Bacteria can even enter the bloodstream and damage the kidneys or other organs.
Clinical symptoms of advanced gum disease include bad breath, red gums, yellow or brown tartar on the teeth and the formation of mucus. With severe gingivitis, cats can even drop food out of their mouths and lose weight because they have difficulty eating.
If this happens, your veterinarian may refer you to a specialist who will pull the loose teeth and remove the tartar with ultrasonic vibrations so that the plaque and tartar can be carefully removed without damaging the surface of the teeth.
Make sure your cat has his teeth brushed (or brushed) daily. Your vet can give you a soft brush (the ideal would be a toothbrush for babies) or a rubber finger applicator (you can also wrap a piece of gauze around one of your fingers), and a special toothpaste with malt or chicken flavor, where your cat will enjoy it very much.
Never use toothpaste for people!
Wash your hands and push on the gums.
Apply the hairs of the brush to the tooth at a 45-degree angle, so that you can reach both the surface of the tooth and the side under the gums.
Make circular movements on the outside.
Start slowly and end up confident: persistent, but be gentle. If your cat is still very young, do not try to brush his baby teeth. You can already prepare the kitten for dental care by getting his teeth from a very young age.
Dental care products
If your cat does not allow you to touch his teeth, there are also gels for dental hygiene. They contain enzymes that inhibit the bacteria responsible for plaque formation. You can give this directly to your cat or also mix it into his food. Chew toys are also available, as well as special dry foods that contain fibers and produce a brushing effect when the cat chews them.