Just like people, kidney disease in cats is a serious disease. It’s not easy to have a cat with that disease; as it takes so much from your time, your energy and your money.
First starters, your cat’s kidneys have so many vital tasks, they:
- They absorb toxins from your cat’s body
- Produce hormones
- Balance the blood pressure
- keep bone marrow stimulated to produce more red cells
Feline kidney disease could be a distressing matter for both you and your kid kitty. You certainly have a lot of questions about kidney disease in cats, its symptoms, its treatment and every single thing about it, well let’s not waste another minute, this article is here to answer all of those questions for you.
We know about kidney failure for people, but what about kidney disease for cats?
Well just like in people’s case, it’s called kidney disease for cats because your cat’s kidney is somehow not working as it should be anymore. The kidney’s capacity of filtering blood’s toxins weakens, thus letting loose some toxic substances in the bloodstreams, which has harmful consequences on the stability of blood pressure and the hormonal production in the entire little body of your kid kitty.
Kidney disease in cats is a very dangerous matter, it’s something not to take lightly, and it leads to a lot of deathly complications.
Kidney disease in cats has three types: acute renal failure, chronic, and polycystic.
Acute Kidney Disease in Cats:
The worst thing about the acute cat kidney failure is that it happens out of a sudden at any age. Its causes are:
- A poisoned substance
- Sudden dehydration.
The good thing about this kind of kidney disease in cats is that there’s a chance to reverse it if diagnosed early; once treated the kidney will gain its usual activity.
Chronic Kidney Disease in Cats:
It’s usually caused by a combination of factors, such as:
- The thinness of your cat
- Suffering from periodontal disease or cystitis
- Male castration
- Sudden dehydration
Unfortunately, this kind of cat kidney failure is irreversible, no cure has been found yet, but there’s a lot you can do to ease the symptoms to make it less painful for your kitty.
Polycystic Kidney Disease in Cats:
Polycystic kidney disease is more of inherited disease. It’s actually due to the increase of the size of the kidney cysts, even though they are present since the birth of the affected kitty, they start filling up with fluids over the years, they start off small and increase until they start compromising their surrounding normal kidney tissue and eventually lead to cat kidney failure .
Persians and Exotic Shorthair cats are more apt to inherit this disease in their genes.
Kidney disease in cats Stages:
What are the stages of cat renal failure? The answer is four. It’s important to know in which stage the kidney disease is to properly treat it.
1# First stage :
- The kidney activity starts to deteriorate, protein rate increases in urine and the blood pressure escalates.
- At this point, kidney disease in cats can be diagnosed based on the urine and blood tests, but unfortunately for a lot of cats, those tests come negative.
- The ideal attitude is to commit to annual checkups with your cay’s vet; that way you can detect early indicators of kidney disease in cats like high blood pressure.
2# Second stage:
It becomes hard for the cat to conserve water, due to the damaged two-thirds kidney tissues. At this point, you will notice your cat starts drinking and urinating more than the usual.
3# Third stage
At this point the kidney has lost three-quarters of its functions; it starts the struggle of filtering the body toxins, which it fails to do. Those toxins start accumulating in the bloodstreams, and this ultimately leads to grave symptoms such as sudden weight loss.
This stage of kidney disease is the last one, the kidney is now failing completely and there’s not much to do. Sometimes euthanasia, in this case, is the most merciful resort, your vet will help you and tell you the right time to say your farewells to your kid.
Kidney Disease in Cats symptoms:
The early diagnostic is the best way to recovering chance for your cat no matter the type of kidney disease in cats he or she has. These are the symptoms to be alarmed when caught:
- Loss of appetite
- Loss of weight
- Excessive drinking
- The ache in the kidney area
- Red urine with blood in it
- Lesions in the mouth
- Litter box repugnance.
Some of the signs of kidney failure in cats might appear earlier than the others, do not underestimate them.
Kidney Disease in Cats diagnostic:
After running some blood and urine tests your cat’s vet will have a clear idea of its kidney’s health if the test results don’t much with your kitties state, your vet will then do an ultrasound, radiograph, or he/she might even perform a biopsy. To get more details, tests like the ultrasonography might be the last resort.
Kidney Disease in Cats treatment:
In case your cat has acute kidney disease in cats, you should focus on the potential kidney failure in cats causes and reverse them to eventually reverse the disease. However, if your cat has Chronic kidney disease, unfortunately, this cannot be reversed, all you can do is manage to make it the least painful possible.
According to some studies, dietary treatment is effective. Your vet can come up with a good dietary program that contains the kidney disease in cats best food and suits your cat’s case.
It’s important not to lose sight of the other diseases that come along with kidney disease in cats, for instance, urinary tract contaminations and degenerative joint disorder. Thus, your veterinarian may recommend increasing urine production by using some drugs and water consumption.
A controversial approach to handle the disease is a Stem cell, though its effectiveness is still discussed. Remember that the most important is to work with your vet to come up with a personalized treatment plan for your cat.
Kidney Disease in Cats Life Expectancy:
Cat kidney failure how long can it live? Well, that’s a multi-dimensional question; we need to consider many variable components which make it almost impossible to answer.
According to a study done on 211 cats with chronic kidney with 52 diagnosed reaching stage two of the disease, their life expectancy rates from two days to ten years. Also, stage two cats survive on average one year longer than the stage tree ones, Hence, the recommendation of early diagnosis, the earlier it is the easiest it gets to reverse de disease.
To sum up, we have three types of kidney disease in cats: Acute, the treatable type. Chronic, the type we can arrange to make it pain-free but still not cure it and polycystic the hereditary and progressive type.
Regular checkups are the best preventive policy you can vote for in order to prevent the kidney disease in cats to hit your kid.
If you or someone you know went through the experience of having a cat with kidney disease in cats, please share it with other cat owners who might just start
this journey with their kid kittens using the comments box, your experience might be enlightening for them!